Soman Diagnosis and Treatment
- The odor of soman may be a signal of a release.
- Treatment of soman poisoning with antidotes (atropine and pralidoxime) is recommended as soon as possible (ideally within minutes).
- Long-term supportive healthcare may be necessary.
- Mild or moderately poisoned people who are treated both rapidly and adequately usually recover completely.
- Severely exposed people or those victims who are ineffectively treated may not survive.
Lessening the Impact of Soman Exposure
- Move away from the site of exposure immediately, and move to higher ground for fresh air.
- Remove outer layer of clothing, place it in a plastic bag, and seal as soon as possible.
- Immediately wash body thoroughly with soap and water.
- Flush irritated eyes with plain water for 10 to 15 minutes.
- If you have ingested soman, do not induce vomiting or drink fluids.
- Seek medical attention immediately.
- Tabun is also known as GA.
- Tabun is a clear, colorless, tasteless liquid with a faint fruity odor.
- Tabun can become a vapor if heated.
- Tabun is not found naturally in the environment.
- Tabun is toxic and affects the body rapidly.
Tabun as a Weapon
- Tabun is human-made for chemical warfare.
- Tabun was originally developed by Germany in 1936 as a pesticide.
- Tabun was possibly used in the 1980s during the Iran-Iraq War.
- Tabun could be released through the air.
- Tabun could be used to poison water.
- Tabun could be used to contaminate food.
- People can become ill after breathing in tabun, ingesting it, or through contact with skin or eyes.
- People can get sick by eating food contaminated with tabun, by drinking contaminated water, or by coming into contact with contaminated water.
- After exposure to tabun in vapor form, symptoms should appear within a few seconds.
- Exposure to tabun in liquid form produces symptoms within a few minutes or up to 18 hours later.
- Tabun can remain active on a person's clothing, leading to exposure of others.
- A tiny drop of this nerve agent on the skin can cause sweating and muscle twitching at the site of contact.
- People exposed to a low or moderate dose of tabun may experience some or all of the following symptoms within seconds to hours after exposure:
Small, pinpoint pupils
Drooling and excessive sweating
Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain
Slow or fast heart rate
Abnormally low or high blood pressure
- Exposure to a large dose of tabun may result in:
Loss of consciousness
Respiratory failure, possibly leading to death
Tabun Diagnosis and Treatment
- The fruity odor of tabun may provide warning of a release.
- Atropine and pralidoxime are antidotes that can be given for poisoning. They should be administered as soon as possible.
- Other supportive care in a hospital setting should be given as needed (such as oxygen, assistance with breathing, etc.).
- A complete recovery is likely for those with mild or moderate poisoning who are treated both rapidly and adequately.
- Those who inhale or are contaminated with large amounts of tabun or those who are ineffectively treated can die.
- Repeated exposure to tabun can result in long-term damage to the body.