An expert who not involved in the research called the study "fascinating and eye-opening" and said the research should spur immediate public health action to provide relief.
"Governmental programs that offer assistance to pregnant women and children may need to readdress the methodologies currently in place in evaluating 'need' for poverty-stricken mothers in an attempt to prevent these adverse outcomes resulting from diaper need," said Dr. Kecia Gaither, director of the maternal and fetal medicine program at Brookdale University Hospital and Medical Center in Brooklyn, N.Y.
Gaither said she recommends that low-income women seek prenatal care early in their pregnancy. Just doing that, she said, usually gets vulnerable families connected to a social worker who can help solve practical issues, including insurance problems, and can connect them to community resources that may help them better meet a child's basic needs.
For more on diaper need, visit the The National Diaper Bank Network.
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