Health Highlights: July 2, 2013

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  • Girl Who Got Lung Transplant Has Follow-Up Surgery
  • Start HIV Treatment Earlier: New WHO Guidelines

Here are some of the latest health and medical news developments, compiled by the editors of HealthDay:

Girl Who Got Lung Transplant Has Follow-Up Surgery

Double-lung transplant recipient Sarah Murnaghan was to undergo follow-up surgery Tuesday to repair her diaphragm.

The 10-year-old received adult lungs after her parents sued to change national transplant rules. She had to receive a second set of lungs after the first set failed within hours of the first transplant on June 12, the Associated Press reported.

The second transplant was a success and Sarah was able to take a few breaths on her own, according to her mother.

However, her mother said Sarah had to be put back on a ventilator due to partial paralysis of her diaphragm, a complication of her transplant surgery, the AP reported.

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Start HIV Treatment Earlier: New WHO Guidelines

Antiretroviral therapy for people with HIV should begin sooner than it does now, according to new guidelines released Sunday by the World Health Organization.

Treatment should begin as soon as a patient's CD4 count drops below 500 cells per cubic millimeter of blood, compared with the previous count of 350, The New York Times reported. CD4s are immune system cells that are attacked by HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.

The WHO said some people should begin antiretroviral therapy as soon as they test positive for HIV, regardless of CD4 count. This includes patients with active tuberculosis or hepatitis B liver disease, women who are pregnant or breast feeding, children under age 5, and people whose regular sex partners are not infected.

Many experts recommend that all patients diagnosed with HIV start treatment immediately, regardless of CD4 count. This greatly reduces the risk that they'll infect others and may help them live longer, healthier lives, The Times reported.

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