Silverstein said that pediatricians should monitor HbA1C levels in overweight children, because it's much easier to prevent the disease than to treat it after it has occurred.
Type 1 diabetes tends to cause excessive thirst and frequent urination, but Silverstein said these symptoms aren't always present or as evident in children with type 2. If children have urethritis (inflammation of the tube that drains the bladder) or yeast infections in girls, doctors should consider testing their blood sugar levels.
The new guidelines were published online Jan. 28 and in the February print issue of Pediatrics.
Learn more about preventing type 2 diabetes from the U.S. National Diabetes Education Program.
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