Although the study showed an association between diabetes and rates of visual impairment, it did not prove a cause-and-effect relationship.
Both Ko and Fonseca said anyone diagnosed with type 2 diabetes should schedule an eye exam soon after their diagnosis, and then have a dilated eye exam every year after that. For people with type 1 diabetes, the recommendation is to begin having dilated eye exams every year beginning five years after the initial diagnosis.
Learn more about various vision problems from the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
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