However, because fewer people would buy insurance if the mandate were eliminated, costs borne by the federal government would rise, the researchers said.
Eliminating the individual mandate would cut the predicted number of Americans buying new health coverage in 2016 from 27 million to 15 million and increase an individual's cost of buying insurance by 2.4 percent, according to the RAND analysis.
But Christine Eibner, an economist at RAND, said government spending for each person newly enrolled in a health insurance plan would more than double, reaching nearly $7,500 a person.
"Without the individual mandate, the government would have to spend more overall to insure a lot fewer people," Eibner said in a RAND news release.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services outlines how women will fare under the Affordable Care Act.
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