7. You're a healthy 50-year-old man with no history of prostate cancer. Again, doctors tend to disagree for men like you. One argument for getting screened, many doctors say, is that knowing your baseline PSA—and tracking it over the years—could help you and your doctor recognize a dangerously rapid rise.
8. You're a 45-year-old Caucasian man who struggles with anxiety. You probably want to hold off, at least for now. You're still younger than 50, the age that most medical groups recommend men consider getting screened. Plus, knowing the details of your PSA could take a psychological toll in someone who is prone to anxiety. If you get screened, you might end up worrying about a higher-than-expected score even if it doesn't actually reflect the presence of cancer. Simple enlargement of the prostate, which is very common among older men, can cause high scores.
9. You're a 40-year-old African-American man. Your race puts you at elevated risk. In fact, the American Urological Association recommends that African-Americans start getting screened at age 40; it recommends age 50 for most men of other backgrounds.