- Asian Nations Need to Act Against Drug-Resistant TB: WHO
- Cape Cod Hospital Patient Tested for Mad Cow Disease
- Will They Still Be 'Lovin' It' After They See How Many Calories a Big Mac Has?
- Gene That Governs Ovulation Identified
- Youth All-Terrain Vehicles Recalled
Here are some of the latest health and medical news developments, compiled by editors of HealthDay:
Asian Nations Need to Act Against Drug-Resistant TB: WHO
The lack of action by Asian nations to combat the spread of dangerous multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) poses a threat to international public health, says the World Health Organization.
The WHO said each patient with untreated MDR-TB could infect five to 10 people a year, and that an uncontrolled local epidemic could spread across international borders, Agence France Presse reported.
Only 1 percent of the estimated 150,000 people with MDR-TB in East Asia and the Pacific are receiving appropriate treatment, the WHO said in a statement released Monday.
"We are more vulnerable than ever to the MDR-TB threat. Countries must act responsively to safeguard global health," the WHO said, AFP> reported.
The U.N. agency said MDR-TB is a "serious problem in China and the Philippines, and of concern in Mongolia, the Republic of Korea and Vietnam."
Cape Cod Hospital Patient Tested for Mad Cow Disease
A patient at Cape Cod Hospital in Massachusetts is being tested for the human form of mad cow disease, the state's director of communicable disease control told the Associated Press.
Tests are being done to determine if the patient has Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and whether it's the variant attributed to mad cow, said Dr. Alfred DeMaria, who added that it will be a few days before test results are available.
Only three cases of the human form of mad cow disease have been confirmed in the United States in the last several years, the AP reported. Officials said it's highly unlikely that the patient in Cape Cod Hospital has the disease.
The hospital notified public health officials Thursday about a patient with test results that required reporting, said a hospital spokesman. Hospital officials were told the illness wasn't contagious and there was no cause for concern, the spokesman said.
Eating meat products contaminated with mad cow disease causes the human form of mad cow disease.
Will They Still Be 'Lovin' It' After They See How Many Calories a Big Mac Has?
Continuing its policy of being in the vanguard of health initiatives, New York City is now the first in the United States to require major fast food chains to post the number of calories contained in each of their menu items.
The mandate became law last Friday, the Associated Press reported, requiring the fast food eateries to prominently display calorie content at the counter, on the menu or on the trays customers use. For example, the wire service said, a Big Mac with medium fries and a medium soda, contains 1,130 calories, based on what McDonald's is posting on its menu.
A comparable Burger King meal -- a Whopper, medium fries and medium diet Coke -- has slightly fewer calories --1,040 -- according to the Burger King Web site.
Calorie count isn't yet listed on all menu items, the AP reported. Cathy Nonas, director of the New York City health department's physical activity and nutrition program, told the wire service there had been some delay in offering a complete calorie list but that eventually, every food will have a calorie count attached. "Obviously, we have an epidemic of obesity across the nation, and New York City is no different," she told the AP.
Gene That Governs Ovulation Identified
A gene that governs ovulation -- the release of a mature egg from a female's ovary -- has been identified by researchers in Canada and France, Canada's Globe and Mail newspaper reported Friday.
The finding means that a drug affecting the gene could be developed to treat infertility caused by a female's inability to ovulate. Conversely, a genetically based contraceptive could stimulate the gene to prevent ovulation, the newspaper said.