Pregnancy Linked to Breast Cancer Survival
Pregnant breast cancer patients are more likely to survive than patients who are not pregnant, a new study suggests. Nearly 74 percent of women diagnosed with breast cancer during pregnancy were still alive five years after being diagnosed, compared to 55 percent of non-pregnant patients, according to researchers at University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston. The findings will be presented today at an American Society of Clinical Oncology meeting in Washington, D.C. Because the research hasn't yet been published, it is considered preliminary, The Los Angeles Times reports. Researchers followed 225 women treated between 1989 and 2009; 75 were diagnosed with breast cancer during pregnancy. The pregnant women's survival rates were compared to those of 150 non-pregnant patients of roughly the same age, with similar diagnosis dates, and stages of disease advancement. In a statement, the study authors said it was unclear exactly why the pregnant patients had better outcomes: "Is there something biological in the milieu of pregnancy that changes the response to chemotherapy? Or were these patients treated more aggressively?"
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3 Ways to Help Good Kids Make Tough Choices
All parents want their children to grow up to be honest, kind people who do the right thing, writes U.S. News contributor Nancy Shute. But teaching ethical behavior can sound like an overwhelming task when parents are dealing with the challenges of everyday behavior. It doesn't have to be. Teaching children ethics really can be part of everyday life, according to Rush Kidder, author of the new book Good Kids, Tough Choices: How Parents Can Help Their Children Do the Right Thing (Jossey-Bass, $16.95). Kidder, a former journalist, is the president and founder of the Institute for Global Ethics in Rockland, Maine, and usually spends his time running ethics seminars for corporations and government agencies. When participants kept saying, "Wow, this is going to be really helpful at home," Kidder realized it was time for an ethics manual for parents.
When tackling a subject as big as ethics, parents don't want to sound preachy or old-fashioned, but they also don't want to sound naïve. The key is using a language, not authoritarian demands, Kidder says. It's a question of finding the right balance, and doing it in a way that inspires conversation. [Read more: 3 Ways to Help Good Kids Make Tough Choices.]
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Are Sports Drinks Healthier Than Soda? Teens Think So
Teenagers think sports drinks like Gatorade are healthier than soda, and tend to choose them over milk, U.S. News reports. But sports drinks are still just sugar water—a diluted version of Coke or Sprite—and teenagers who think sports drinks are a healthy move are fooling themselves. The good news: Teens who opt for sports drinks tend to eat better and exercise a bit more than their soda-slurping peers, according to a new study in Pediatrics.
Sports drinks are wildly popular; teenagers get 10 to 15 percent of their daily calories from them, according to a 2008 study. Interestingly, the spike in their popularity since the '70s mirrors the big increase in this country's childhood obesity rate (20 percent of Texas teenagers polled in the Pediatrics study were obese, a number reflective of national statistics). So it's no wonder that pediatricians and nutritionists look skeptically at sports drinks, which typically have about half as much sugar per ounce as a Coke. And servings are big; a 32-ounce bottle of Gatorade has 224 calories, all from sugar, while a 12-ounce can of Coke has 162 calories.
But do people who drink sports drinks actually play more sports?
That's what researchers at the University of Texas School of Public Health in Austin asked 15,283 middle school and high school students. The teens who drank sports drinks were more physically active: They were more likely to participate in physical-education classes, organized sports, and vigorous physical activity. But that difference wasn't huge, and these kids are slurping up lots of sugar: Twenty-eight percent of the teens said they drank three or more sports drinks daily. Drinking just one soda or one sports drink daily can, in a year's time, cause a gain of 15 pounds, unless people compensate by cutting back on calories elsewhere or exercising more. [Read more: Are Sports Drinks Healthier Than Soda? Teens Think So.]
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