11. Answer: False. It's physically impossible to swallow one's tongue, and turning the person to lie on her side is a safer way to make sure she doesn't choke.
12. Answer: False. Putting ice on delicate skin can cause frostbite, and butter or any oil-based substance traps heat. Instead, hold the burn under cool running water for about five minutes to relieve pain and swelling.
13. Answer: False. It's actually possible to walk on a broken ankle or leg. If you're not sure if it's a sprain or a break, get to the doctor as soon as possible for an X-ray. Signs of a possible break include a grinding or snapping noise when the injury occurred; it's painful for your child to move or put weight on the area; it's extremely painful to move; there is redness or swelling around the area; the area looks abnormal.
14. Answer: False. Remove the stinger as quickly as possible, by scraping with a fingernail, a credit card, or the edge of a knife. Additional venom can be pumped into the skin for 30 seconds or more after the bee has flown away.
15. Answer: False. More than 24,000 children were treated in emergency rooms for head and neck injuries associated with shopping carts in 2005. Belting a child into the seat is not enough to keep him safe. The American Academy of Pediatrics now recommends not placing children in carts at all, but rather using a stroller, wagon, or Snugli-type baby sling.
16. Answer: True. You can have a beer with your enchiladas. Unless your infant is truly sensitive or colicky, she can handle a varied diet. Very little alcohol makes it into the breast supply, especially if you consume food with the alcohol. If you remain concerned, breast-feed before having a drink. By the time your baby is ready for his next feeding, you will have metabolized the alcohol. In a 120-pound woman consuming an average drink, this takes 2.5 hours.
17. Answer: Usually false. These symptoms don't always signal a bacterial infection, which is what antibiotics are designed for. Green mucus and a cough are usually symptoms of the common cold, a viral infection that will not respond to bacteria-killing antibiotics. Most babies and children will get better on their own, as adults routinely do. If your child has a cold that lingers for more than 10 days, he may have a bacterial infection. But usually he will recover on his own.
18. Answer: False. You can heat bottles in a microwave, but be careful. Start with the lowest possible setting, and be sure to shake the bottle to distribute the heat. Then test the temperature by shaking a few drops of liquid on the back of your hand or your wrist. Lukewarm or room-temperature liquid is ideal for most babies; milk straight out of the refrigerator is fine, too. Choose BPA-free containers for microwave use; BPA has been known to harm lab animals when ingested in large doses.
19. Answer: False. Co-sleeping, if practiced safely, is an ideal arrangement for some families. Some earlier studies associated co-sleeping with SIDS, but a study for the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission found that the causes of 515 accidental deaths over seven years included accidental smothering by an adult or by bedding; getting trapped between a mattress and a headboard; or suffocation on a waterbed, couch, or other inappropriate surface for an infant. There is plenty of evidence that co-sleeping when done right lessens sleep disruption for babies and parents, and even lowers the risk of SIDS, because co-sleeping babies are more likely to sleep on their backs, not their stomachs.
20. Answer: False. It used to be thought that using a night-light caused nearsightedness, since the eyes would strain to see in the dimness, but this idea has been discounted by the medical profession. A night-light can be a great comfort to a young child going through an "afraid of the dark" phase.