- Truckers, Bus Drivers Can't Take Anti-Smoking Drug Chantix
- Americans Lack Awareness of Osteoporosis Risk: Survey
- Paint Chemical Linked to Male Fertility Problems
- U.S. Creates Drug and Medical Device Surveillance System
- More States Have Anti-Smoking Laws
- Girls More Likely to Suffer Severe Knee Injuries
Here are some of the latest health and medical news developments, compiled by editors of HealthDay:
Truckers, Bus Drivers Can't Take Anti-Smoking Drug Chantix
Examiners shouldn't give commercial motor vehicle license clearance to anyone currently using the anti-smoking drug Chantix, says the U.S. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, which oversees the interstate trucking and bus industries.
The FMCSA announcement Thursday came a day after the Federal Aviation Administration banned the use of the drug by pilots and air traffic controllers.
The agencies took action in response to an Institute for Safe Medication Practices study saying that Chantix may be linked to seizures, dizziness, heart rhythm problems, diabetes and more than 100 accidents, the Wall Street Journal reported.
The non-profit group's study said the drug was linked to 988 serious incidents in the last quarter of 2007 alone. After the study was released Wednesday, the U.S. Department of Transportation alerted its agencies and instructed office directors to read the study's warnings and recommendations.
Last year, warnings on Chantix's label were updated to include depression and suicidal thoughts. The FDA hasn't announced any new action in response to the Institute for Safe Medication Practices study, the Journal reported.
Americans Lack Awareness of Osteoporosis Risk: Survey
American women and men age 45 and older have a low awareness of bone health and osteoporosis risk, according to a survey by the National Osteoporosis Foundation (NOF).
While 55 percent of Americans over age 50 are living with or at risk for osteoporosis, 40 percent of women and 60 percent of men age 45 and older have little or no concern about their bone health, the survey found.
The survey of 661 people also found that most are concerned about the impact a broken bone would have on their daily activities and independence, but nearly 80 percent of respondents didn't believe osteoporosis is a risk factor for broken bones.
It's estimated that one in two women and one in four men over age 50 will break a bone due to osteoporosis, the NOF noted.
Among the other findings of the survey, released Thursday:
- 40 percent of women 45 and older and nearly 80 percent of men in this age group haven't had a bone density test.
- 60 percent of women and 90 percent of men haven't had a discussion with their health-care provider about the risk of breaking a bone.
Paint Chemical Linked to Male Fertility Problems
Regular exposure to paint chemicals called glycol solvents may harm male fertility, suggests a British study that looked at more than 2,000 men attending 14 fertility clinics.
The researchers from the Universities of Manchester and Sheffield found that painters, decorators and other men who work with glycol solvents -- used in water-based paints -- were 250 percent more likely to have sperm motility problems than other men, BBC News reported.
Sperm motility, which refers to the amount of movement of individual sperm, plays an important role in overall fertility.
"We know that certain glycol ethers can affect male fertility and the use of these has reduced over the past two decades. However, our work suggests they are still a workplace hazard and further work is needed to reduce such exposure," said Dr. Andy Povey of the University of Manchester, BBC News reported.
Povey and his colleagues looked at a wide range of workplace chemicals and concluded that glycol solvents were the only ones that had an impact on male fertility. The study was published in the journal Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
U.S. Creates Drug and Medical Device Surveillance System
The U.S. government will establish a surveillance system to help monitor the safety of drugs and other medical products on the market.