Higher Doses of Antidepressants Linked to Suicidal Behavior in Young Patients: Study

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The investigators found no significant increase in the risk of self-harm by drug dosage for people over the age of 25, however, suggesting the effect was age-dependent.

And there was no increase in suicide risk in kids and teens treated with recommended drug dosages.

The study was observational, which means that researchers can't say for sure that drug dosage was the only thing that made young patients more likely to hurt themselves.

Dr. David Brent, who holds an endowed chair in suicide studies at the University of Pittsburgh, said he thinks there might also be something about the patients themselves that prompted doctors to start them on a higher dose in the first place.

"I am guessing that, assuming it was not just medical error, that there was something that the physicians were responding to -- either greater severity or that the patient had had a history of needing higher doses to respond in the past," said Brent, who wrote a commentary on the study, but was not involved in the research.

But the Harvard researchers don't think that's the case.

Miller said the team looked closely at the data to try to find differences that might explain why some patients were prescribed higher doses of the drugs.

Among the factors they considered were how recently patients were diagnosed with depression, where they were diagnosed as inpatients or outpatients, and whether they also had anxiety or a history of suicide attempts.

There were almost no differences between the patient groups, other than the dose of antidepressants they were initially prescribed, the study authors indicated.

The researchers even performed a statistical test to calculate the likelihood that there was some ghost factor they missed that might account for the differences. The test showed that was unlikely.

Brent agreed, adding that the research should encourage doctors to go low and slow with antidepressants in young patients, as clinical guidelines recommend, increasing the dose only as needed.

More information

Visit the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health for more on antidepressants and teens.

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