When Counting Alternative Symptoms, Men Are About as Likely to be Depressed as Women
While women are typically diagnosed with depression twice as often as men, a new study suggests that men and women meet the criteria for depression in equal proportions. How can this be? Researchers have identified "alternative" symptoms of depression, which include anger attacks and aggression, substance abuse and risk taking – symptoms that more men reported than women. When combining both these alternative symptoms and traditional symptoms of depression (such as sadness and crying), "sex disparities in the prevalence of depression are eliminated," states the study, published Wednesday in the JAMA Psychiatry journal.
If you suspect you're depressed, the first step is to discuss your symptoms with your doctor or mental health specialist. He or she can help pinpoint if you have depression or if there's something else going on, since some medications and medical conditions can create the same symptoms as depression, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. If the health care provider diagnoses you with depression, there are several ways to be treated. To see a thorough rundown on treatment options and other depression information, read this NIMH overview.
What You Should Know About Your Kid's Coach
In sports, goals and points and touchdowns are important. In coaching sports, leadership, communication and trustworthiness score pretty high, too. Whether your child is 5 years old and mostly interested in orange slices at halftime, or 16 and competing on the varsity team, it's the coach who assures she's hydrated throughout the game and recognizes concussion symptoms after a fall. He's the adult present as your child interacts with peers, develops (and maybe loses) interests and builds new skills and values.
"It's important that coaches understand that they're not just out there to teach a kid how to field a grounder. You gotta be a role model, and you gotta teach them about sportsmanship," says John Engh, chief operating officer for the National Alliance for Youth Sports, based in West Palm Beach, Fla.
Given the responsibility of your child's coach and the influence that coach can have, parents, you ought to know a thing or two about the whistle-clad team leader.
Communication. Before your child's league begins, the coach should go over basics with the players and parents, such as playing time policies and player evaluations, so that everyone is on the same page. She should also cover her coaching philosophy, like how much she values winning, which will likely vary depending on the age and level of play. [Read more: What You Should Know About Your Kid's Coach]
Don't Blame Your Children for Their Weight
Earlier this summer, my office kicked off a three-year project in partnership with Ontario's Ministry of Health to help parents of children 12 and under with obesity, writes U.S. News blogger Yoni Freedhoff. The program's extensive. It's one year in duration and involves unlimited one-on-one access to physicians, registered dietitians, clinical social workers, exercise specialists and, when needed, 10 hours of support from a clinical psychologist.
However, what it doesn't involve may surprise you – it doesn't involve the children. While the children will receive five hours of small group sessions with our clinical social worker, those sessions will be off-site and won't be focused on weight but instead on issues such as depression, anxiety, bullying, self-esteem, anger management and body image.
Otherwise, the entirety of the program is to be delivered exclusively to parents. Studies on parent-only childhood obesity treatment programs suggest outcomes at least as good as those that involve the children directly. If you stop to think about it, especially with the younger kids, that result is anything but surprising; because at the end of the day, it's their parents who make those kids' lifestyle choices for them, and it's their parents who provide the role modeling they'll carry with them the rest of their lives. [Read more: Don't Blame Your Children for Their Weight]