Although hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic disease, lifestyle can affect how the disease will develop. Lifestyle factors you can influence that are known to promote hypertrophy of the heart muscle include:
- High blood pressure—Maintain a healthy blood pressure through proper diet, regular moderate exercise, and when necessary drug therapy.
- Weight lifting—Avoid heavy lifting.
- Overweight—Maintain a healthy body weight.
Approximately 1 percent of the people with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are at increased risk for sudden death. The risk for sudden death should be evaluated for each person with HCM by a cardiologist specializing in HCM. Together, the cardiologist and patient can develop a prevention plan, which may include implanting a cardioverter defibrillator.
Last reviewed on 2/11/2009
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